Cultural activities linked with young people volunteering
Young people with high levels of cultural capital are more likely to volunteer, says new research from the Third Sector Research Centre. Going to the theatre, concerts, sports events, museums or art galleries had the greatest influence on youth volunteering, political and organisational involvement.
The research is the first large-scale analysis of youth volunteering in the UK. It analysed data from Wave 2 of Understanding Society on 4,760 young people aged between 10 and 15 in 3,626 households. Overall, the data shows that 52% of young people volunteer at least once a year, of these 19% do so at least once a month.
Youths with higher levels of cultural capital are 65% more likely to volunteer. The research also highlights the importance of positive role models – youths were 22% more likely to volunteer frequently if they had at least one parent who also volunteers.
Those from ethnic minority backgrounds were 28% more likely to volunteer than White British youths.
The research also showed that young people are more likely to volunteer if they:
- are female;
- live in a rural area;
- have greater numbers of close friends;
- attend religious classes
The research found significant differences across socio-economic classes, with higher classes more likely to volunteer. However, social class effects become insignificant once social and cultural capital is taken into account – suggesting that access to social and cultural resources affects engagement in other areas of life.
There were no differences in participation across religious groups, and attendance at religious services made youth no more likely to volunteer. Household structure also had no effect, with youths from single-parent households just as likely to volunteer as youth from two-parent households.
Matthew Bennett, who co-authored the research with Meenakshi Parameshwaran, said:
“Civic engagement among young people has been linked to a number of positive outcomes later in life, including greater wellbeing, academic and career achievement, and fewer problem behaviours such as substance misuse. Successive governments have also made great efforts to encourage young people to volunteer, so it is surprising that the factors predicting youth involvement have not been measured until now."
“This research demonstrates the important role of social and cultural factors in youth participation, and suggests that civic engagement could itself be seen as a form of cultural capital given the positive outcomes associated with these behaviours in prior US and European studies. Youth volunteering may reinforce existing social divides, so more could be done to engage those who lack the human, social and cultural resources – and especially young white males, from lower social classes and urban areas.”
- Press release courtesy of Third Sector Research Centre
- Listen to a podcast with the researchers
- Read young volunteer Alice Brighty’s blog on the research and her experiences of volunteering on the social policy website Society Central