Main Survey

d_j1soc90 First job: SOC 1990

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Datafile: d_indresp

Derived Variable Note

Standard Occupational Classification 1990 (SOC 1990) of first job after leaving full-time education. Full 3-digit version for Special Licence release only. The classification is coded post-field using the respondent’s description of the job. In the first two waves of Understanding Society the description was first coded to the code frame of SOC 2000. From Wave 3 onward, job descriptions were first coded to the code frame of SOC 2010 and the code for earlier versions of the classification was computed from a look-up file.



Value labelValueAbsolute frequencyRelative frequency
General administrators; national government (Assistant Secretary/Grade 5 and above)10010.0%
General Managers; large companies and organisations10110.0%
Local government officers (administrative and executive functions)102170.04%
General administrators; national government (HEO to Senior Principal/Grade 6)10330.01%
Production, works and maintenance managers110290.06%
Managers in building contracting111140.03%
Clerks of works11220.0%
Treasurers and company financial managers120130.03%
Marketing and sales managers121930.2%
Purchasing managers12220.0%
Advertising and public relations managers123330.07%
Personnel, training and industrial relations managers124250.05%
Organisation and methods and work study managers12510.0%
Computer systems and data processing managers126130.03%
Company secretaries127180.04%
Credit controllers13080.02%
Bank, Building Society and Post Office managers (except self-employed)131180.04%
Civil service executive officers government132230.05%
Other financial institutions and office managers n.e.c.1391950.41%
Transport managers n.e.c.14080.02%
Stores controllers141250.05%
Managers in warehousing and other materials handling14290.02%
Officers in UK armed forces150220.05%
Customs and excise, immigration service officers (customs: chief preventive officers excise: surveyors and above)15510.0%
Farm owners and managers, horticulturists160890.19%
Other managers in farming, forestry and fishing n.e.c.169100.02%
Property and estate managers170260.06%
Garage managers and proprietors17110.0%
Hairdressers' and barbers' managers and proprietors17220.0%
Hotel and accommodation managers173280.06%
Restaurant and catering managers174480.1%
Publicans, innkeepers and club stewards175130.03%
Entertainment and sports managers176240.05%
Travel and tour agency managers177550.12%
Managers and proprietors in service industries n.e.c.1791690.36%
Officials of trade associations, trade unions, professional bodies and charities190100.02%
Registrars and administrators of educational establishments19170.01%
Other managers and administrators n.e.c.199340.07%
Chemists research200470.1%
Biological scientists and biochemists201500.11%
Physicists, geologists and meteorologists202200.04%
Other natural scientists n.e.c.209460.1%
Civil, structural, municipal, mining and quarrying engineers210390.08%
Mechanical engineers general naval211130.03%
Electrical engineers professional meter21280.02%
Electronic engineers professional213150.03%
Software engineers professional214710.15%
Chemical engineers21540.01%
Design and development engineers216260.06%
Process and production engineers217160.03%
Planning and quality control engineers218100.02%
Other engineers and technologists n.e.c.219270.06%
Medical practitioners2201270.27%
Ophthalmic opticians222100.02%
Dental practitioners223160.03%
University and polytechnic teaching professionals230410.09%
Higher and Further education teaching professionals231270.06%
Education school inspectors advisor23250.01%
Secondary (and middle school deemed secondary) education teaching professionals2333000.64%
Primary (and middle school deemed primary) and nursery education teaching professionals2342950.63%
Special education teaching professionals23560.01%
Other teaching professionals n.e.c. teacher dancing239740.16%
Judges and officers of the court24030.01%
Barristers and advocates24180.02%
Solicitors public242700.15%
Chartered and certified accountants250690.15%
Management accountants25110.0%
Actuaries, economists and statisticians252180.04%
Management consultants, business analysts253140.03%
Architects landscape260160.03%
Town planners control26150.01%
Building, land, mining and 'general practice' surveyors262370.08%
Archivists and curators27180.02%
Other social and behavioural scientists29150.01%
Social workers, probation officers293360.08%
Laboratory technicians3001270.27%
Engineering technicians301240.05%
Electrical/electronic technicians302110.02%
Architectural and town planning technicians303270.06%
Building and civil engineering technicians30480.02%
Other scientific technicians n.e.c.309400.08%
Building inspectors31120.0%
Quantity surveyors312310.07%
Marine, insurance and other surveyors31320.0%
Computer analyst/programmers3201500.32%
Air traffic planners and controllers33050.01%
Aircraft flight deck officers33120.0%
Ship and hovercraft officers332190.04%
Medical radiographers342140.03%
Dispensing opticians34550.01%
Medical technicians, dental auxiliaries346550.12%
Occupational and speech therapists, psychotherapists, therapists n.e.c.347530.11%
Environmental health officers34860.01%
Other health associate professionals animals349220.05%
Legal service and related occupations350150.03%
Estimators, valuers360100.02%
Underwriters, claims assessors, brokers, investment analysts361670.14%
Taxation experts36250.01%
Personnel and industrial relations officers363340.07%
Organisation and methods and work study officers364280.06%
Matrons, houseparents370210.04%
Welfare, community and youth workers371580.12%
Authors, writers, journalists380660.14%
Artists, commercial artists, graphic designers381900.19%
Industrial designers and textile designers382180.04%
Clothing designers383180.04%
Actors, entertainers, stage managers, producers and directors384560.12%
Photographers, camera, sound and video equipment operators386580.12%
Professional athletes, sports officials387700.15%
Information officers and technical librarians390310.07%
Vocational and industrial trainers391260.06%
Careers advisers and vocational guidance specialists39290.02%
Driving instructors (not HGV)39320.0%
Inspectors of factories, utilities and trading standards39410.0%
Other statutory similar inspectors driving39570.01%
Occupational hygienists and safety officers (health and safety)39610.0%
Other associate professional and technical occupations n.e.c.399340.07%
Civil administrative assistants taxation4002430.52%
Local government clerical officers assistants health401830.18%
Accounts and wages clerks, book-keepers, other financial clerks4106541.39%
Counter clerks and cashiers4115171.1%
Debt, rent and other cash collectors412140.03%
Filing, computer and other records clerks (inc. legal conveyancing)4203560.76%
Library assistants/clerks press421350.07%
Clerks (n.o.s.)43013842.94%
Stores despatch production control clerks warehouse440500.11%
Storekeepers, warehousemen/women4412750.58%
Medical secretaries450120.03%
Legal secretaries451380.08%
Typists and word processor operators4522360.5%
Other secretaries, personal assistants, typists, word processor operators n.e.c.4593540.75%
Receptionists general office dental4602120.45%
Telephone operators exchange462570.12%
Radio and telegraph operators, other office communication system operators463260.06%
Computer operators, data processing operators, other office machine operators4901330.28%
Tracers, drawing officer assistants491210.04%
Bricklayers, masons fixer500680.14%
Roofers, slaters, tilers, sheeters, cladders501120.03%
Plasterers fibrous foreman502240.05%
Glaziers firm50370.01%
Builders, building contractors504480.1%
Scaffolders, stagers, steeplejacks, riggers50570.01%
Floorers, floor coverers, carpet fitters and planners, floor and wall tile fitters506180.04%
Painters and decorators5071210.26%
Other construction trades n.e.c. building509330.07%
Centre, capstan, turret and other lathe setters and setter-operators51080.02%
Boring and drilling machine setters and setter-operators51120.0%
Grinding machine setters and setter-operators51230.01%
Milling machine setters and setter-operators51370.01%
Press setters and setter-operators51420.0%
Tool makers tool fitters markers out metal foreman515480.1%
Metal working production and maintenance fitters5163350.71%
Precision instrument makers and repairers517210.04%
Goldsmiths, silversmiths, precious stone workers518100.02%
Other tool setters operators shaper foreman auto51930.01%
Production fitters (electrical/electronic)520120.03%
Electricians, electrical maintenance fitters5211860.4%
Electrical engineers (not professional)522320.07%
Telephone fitters523380.08%
Cable jointers, lines repairers supervisor524100.02%
Radio, TV and video engineers525190.04%
Computer engineers, installation and maintenance526150.03%
Other electrical/electronic trades n.e.c.529460.1%
Smiths and forge workers farrier53090.02%
Moulders, core makers, die casters53160.01%
Plumbers, heating and ventilating engineers and related trades5321340.28%
Sheet metal workers533430.09%
Metal plate workers, shipwrights, riveters534270.06%
Steel erectors53550.01%
Barbenders, steel fixers53610.0%
Welding trades537790.17%
Motor mechanics, auto engineers (inc. road patrol engineers)5402500.53%
Coach and vehicle body builders541150.03%
Vehicle body repairers, panel beaters542280.06%
Auto electricians54330.01%
Tyre and exhaust fitters544190.04%
Warp preparers, bleachers, dyers and finishers552320.07%
Sewing machinists, menders, darners and embroiderers5533540.75%
Coach trimmers, upholsterers and mattress makers554230.05%
Shoe repairers, leather cutters and sewers, footwear lasters, makers and555610.13%
Tailors, dressmakers556620.13%
Clothing cutters, milliners, furriers557200.04%
Other textiles, garments and related trades n.e.c.559290.06%
Originators, compositors and print preparers560170.04%
Printers general561520.11%
Book binders and print finishers specialised562230.05%
Screen printers563100.02%
Other printing and related trades n.e.c.569380.08%
Carpenters and joiners5702300.49%
Cabinet makers wood571320.07%
Case and box makers churn foreman572100.02%
Pattern makers moulds shop foreman57330.01%
Other woodworking trades n.e.c.579130.03%
Bakers, flour confectioners580580.12%
Butchers, meat cutters581870.18%
Fishmongers, poultry dressers582140.03%
Glass product and ceramics makers590360.08%
Glass product and ceramics finishers and decorators591140.03%
Dental technicians denture foreman59290.02%
Musical instrument makers, piano tuners59320.0%
Gardeners, groundsmen/women594930.2%
Horticultural trades595170.04%
Coach painters, other spray painters596180.04%
Face trained coalmining workers, shotfirers and deputies59770.01%
Office machinery mechanics dictaphone59830.01%
Other craft and related occupations n.e.c.599280.06%
NCOs and other ranks, UK armed forces6002040.43%
Police officers (sergeant and below)610430.09%
Fire service officers (leading fire officer and below)61110.0%
Customs and excise officers, immigration officers (customs: below chief preventive officer; excise: below surveyor)61360.01%
Security guards and related occupations615350.07%
Other security protective service occupations life619470.1%
Chefs, cooks hotel supervisor6202310.49%
Waiters, waitresses6213840.82%
Bar staff6222030.43%
Travel and flight attendants630310.07%
Railway station staff631130.03%
Assistant nurses, nursing auxiliaries640660.14%
Hospital ward assistants641100.02%
Ambulance staff64250.01%
Dental nurses643710.15%
Care assistants and attendants old6442960.63%
Nursery nurses6501860.4%
Playgroup leaders65190.02%
Educational assistants652900.19%
Other childcare and related occupations n.e.c.6591560.33%
Hairdressers, barbers coiffeur6604150.88%
Beauticians and related occupations661370.08%
Domestic housekeepers and related occupations670100.02%
Housekeepers (non-domestic)67160.01%
Caretakers school67220.0%
Launderers, dry cleaners, pressers673630.13%
Undertakers funeral director69020.0%
Bookmakers manager69140.01%
Other personal and protective service occupations model699890.19%
Buyers and purchasing officers (not retail)701180.04%
Importers and exporters70250.01%
Air, commodity and ship brokers70310.0%
Technical and wholesale sales representatives710530.11%
Other sales representatives n.e.c.719650.14%
Sales assistants merchants car72021434.55%
Retail cash desk and check-out operators7213000.64%
Petrol pump forecourt attendants722220.05%
Collectors salespersons and credit agents730120.03%
Roundsmen/women and van salespersons731500.11%
Market and street traders and assistants732390.08%
Window dressers, floral arrangers791580.12%
Telephone salespersons792480.1%
Bakery confectionery process hand foreman800710.15%
Brewery and vinery process operatives80180.02%
Tobacco cutter foreman80290.02%
Other food, drink and tobacco process operatives n.e.c.8091000.21%
Tannery production operatives foreman sueder81060.01%
Preparatory fibre processors81180.02%
Spinners, doublers, twisters fly812150.03%
Winders, reelers813120.03%
Other textiles processing operatives hydro814420.09%
Chemical, gas and petroleum process plant operatives820260.06%
Paper wood and related process plant operatives82190.02%
Cutting and slitting machine operatives (paper products etc)82260.01%
Glass and ceramics furnace operatives, kilnsetters82320.0%
Rubber process operatives, moulding machine operatives, tyre builders82430.01%
Plastic process operatives, moulders extruders goods825210.04%
Synthetic fibre makers82620.0%
Other chemicals, paper, plastics and related operatives n.e.c.82970.01%
Furnace operatives (metal)83010.0%
Metal drawers83120.0%
Annealers, hardeners, temperers (metal)83310.0%
Electroplaters, galvanisers, colour coaters834120.03%
Other metal making treating process operatives steel83990.02%
Machine tool operatives (inc. CNC machine tool operatives)840940.2%
Press stamping and automatic machine operatives841130.03%
Metal polishers84220.0%
Metal dressing operatives84320.0%
Shot blasters84420.0%
Assemblers/lineworkers (electrical/electronic goods)850500.11%
Assemblers/lineworkers vehicles metal nutter851350.07%
Other assemblers/lineworkers poppy859580.12%
Inspectors, viewers testers examiners insulation860200.04%
Inspectors viewers testers examiners other manufactured861190.04%
Packers, bottlers, canners, fillers8622550.54%
Weighers, graders, sorters863240.05%
Routine laboratory testers paint soil864690.15%
Other routine process operatives n.e.c. painter869450.1%
Drivers of road goods vehicles872600.13%
Bus and coach drivers87340.01%
Taxi, cab drivers and chauffeurs874110.02%
Bus conductors87520.0%
Seafarers (merchant navy): barge, lighter and boat operatives880180.04%
Rail transport inspectors, supervisors and guards88110.0%
Rail drivers railways second88250.01%
Rail signal operatives and crossing keepers88330.01%
Mechanical plant drivers and operatives (earth moving and civil engineering)88560.01%
Crane drivers88650.01%
Fork lift and mechanical truck drivers887250.05%
Other transport machinery operatives horse889300.06%
Washers, screeners and crushers in mines and quarries89010.0%
Printing machine minders and assistants891340.07%
Water sewerage plant attendants sewage foreman89230.01%
Electrical energy, boiler and related plant operatives and attendants89390.02%
Oilers, greasers, lubricators89430.01%
Construction and related operatives insulator foreman896170.04%
Woodworking machine operatives897420.09%
Mine (excluding coal) and quarry workers898100.02%
Other plant and machine operatives n.e.c.899370.08%
Farm workers livestock hand9002740.58%
Agricultural machinery drivers and operatives90130.01%
All other occupations in farming and related902970.21%
Fishing and related workers903190.04%
Forestry workers904210.04%
Coal mine labourers910350.07%
Labourers in foundries91170.01%
Labourers in engineering and allied trades912460.1%
Mates to metal/electrical and related fitters913210.04%
Other labourers in making and processing industries n.e.c.9193630.77%
Mates to woodworking trades workers92060.01%
Mates to building trades workers921290.06%
Rail construction maintenance track lengthmen92230.01%
Road construction and maintenance workers92390.02%
Paviors, kerb layers92410.0%
Other building and civil engineering labourers n.e.c.9291510.32%
Stevedores, dockers930110.02%
Goods porters931530.11%
Refuse and salvage collectors933120.03%
Driver's mates scammel93460.01%
Postal workers, mail sorters940550.12%
Messengers, couriers941870.18%
Hospital porters95070.01%
Hotel porters951180.04%
Kitchen porters, hands9521930.41%
Counterhands, catering assistants help9532980.63%
Shelf fillers954830.18%
Lift and car park attendants95540.01%
Window cleaners956130.03%
Road sweepers95720.0%
Cleaners, domestics9582880.61%
Other occupations in sales and services clearer959160.03%
All other labourers and related workers990590.13%
All others miscellaneous stage99930.01%

Index Terms

Wave Occurrences