OP13 diet and physical activity levels among UK youth -conference paper abstract-
AuthorsKareena McAloney, Hilary Graham, J. Hall, C. Law, Lucinda Platt and H. Wardle
Methods This study is part of an ongoing secondary analysis of Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study. The analysis sample consisted of 4,395 young people aged 10 - 15 living in the UK in 2009/2010 who participated in the first wave of the study. The prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption within the sample, and patterns of co-occurrence across the two behaviours, were explored descriptively. Multinomial regression models were estimated to investigate the social patterning of the health behaviour co-occurrence patterns, using socio-demographic characteristics of the young person and mother.
Results 85.2% of young people did not meet the government recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption, reporting less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetable daily. 70.6% of young people did not meet the recommendation for participation in daily physical activity. A small minority did not consume any fruits and vegetables (5.0%); and 6.4% reported participating in physical activity less often than weekly. On examining the patterns across combinations of the two behaviours, most young people did not meet both recommendations (62%), while only 6.1% of young people met both recommendations. Multinomial regression models indicated that gender, ethnicity and religion and socio-economic status were significantly associated with health behaviour patterns.
Conclusion This paper presents an analysis of the most recently available health-risk behaviour data on children from all four countries of the UK. The results indicate that a high proportion of young people do not achieve levels of fruit and vegetable consumption or levels of participation in physical activity considered to be a minimum for good health, and these two behaviours tend to co-occur. The implications of these behaviour patterns and the associations with socio-demographic characteristics are discussed.
Volume and page numbers66, 6
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