Do parents matter? Revisiting ethnic penalties in occupation among second generation ethnic minorities in England and Wales

Publication type

Journal Article

Published in



Carolina V. Zuccotti

Publication date


The article studies the role of the class of origin in the occupational outcomes of secondgeneration ethnic minorities and white British in England and Wales. In so doing, it reconsidersthe relationship between ‘ethnic penalties’ and intergenerational social reproduction (or thereverse: intergenerational social mobility) by combining approaches from the migration andsocial stratification literatures. Two main hypotheses are tested. The first states that the class oforigin, or parental social background, helps explain differences in occupational outcomes betweenethnic minorities and white British; the second says that intergenerational social reproductionprocesses vary between groups. Based on data from the United Kingdom Housing LongitudinalStudy (UKHLS: 2009–2010), the article finds partial evidence for both hypotheses. In particular, itreveals that the lower social reproduction of Pakistani, Caribbean and African men has particularlynegative consequences for higher educated minorities, who do not gain – as the white British do– from more advantageous origins.

Volume and page numbers

49, 229-251





Labour Market, Ethnic Groups and Social Stratification



Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*