Meta-analysis of exome array data identifies six novel genetic loci for lung function [version 3; referees: 2 approved]

Publication type

Journal Article

Published in

Wellcome Open Research

Authors

Victoria E. Jackson, Jeanne C. Latourelle, Louise V. Wain, Albert V. Smith, Megan L. Grove, Traci M. Bartz, Ma'en Obeidat, Michael A. Province, Wei Gao, Beenish Qaiser, David J. Porteous, Patricia A. Cassano, Tarunveer S. Ahluwalia, Niels Grarup, Jin Li, Elisabeth Altmaier, Jonathan Marten, Sarah E. Harris, Ani Manichaikul, Tess D. Pottinger, Ruifang Li-Gao, Medea Imboden, Alexander Teumer, Bram Prins, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Nora Franceschini, Colleen M. Sitlani, Jennifer A. Brody, Yohan Bossé, Wim Timens, Aldi Kraja, Anu Loukola, Wenbo Tang, Yongmei Liu, Jette Bork-Jensen, Johanne M. Justesen, Allan Linneberg, Leslie A. Lange, Rajesh Rawal, Stefan Karrasch, Jennifer E. Huffman, Blair H. Smith, Gail Davies, Kristin M. Burkart, Josyf C. Mychaleckyj, Tobias N. Bonten, Stefan Enroth, Mika Kähönen, Annah B. Wyss, Bruce M. Psaty, Susan R. Heckbert, Ke Hao, Taina Rantanen, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Kurt Lohman, Tea Skaaby, Charlotta Pisinger, Torben Hansen, Holger Schulz, Ozren Polasek, Archie Campbell, John M. Starr, Stephen Rich, Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori, Åsa Johansson, Erik Ingelsson, André G. Uitterlinden, Stefan Weiss, Olli T. Raitakari, Vilmundur Gudnason, Kari E. North, Sina A. Gharib, Don D. Sin, Kent D. Taylor, George T. O'Connor, Jaakko Kaprio, Tamara B. Harris, Oluf Pederson, Henrik Vestergaard, James G. Wilson, Konstantin Strauch, Caroline Hayward, Shona Kerr, Ian Deary, R. Graham Barr, Renée de Mutsert, Ulf Gyllensten, Andrew P. Morris, M. Arfan Ikram, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Sven Gläser, Eleftheria Zeggini, Terho Lehtimäki, David P. Strachan, Josée Dupuis, Alanna C. Morrison, Ian P. Hall, Martin D. Tobin and Stephanie J. London

Publication date

Summary

Background: Over 90 regions of the genome have been associated with lung function to date, many of which have also been implicated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Methods: We carried out meta-analyses of exome array data and three lung function measures: forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV ), forced vital capacity (FVC) and the ratio of FEV to FVC (FEV /FVC). These analyses by
the SpiroMeta and CHARGE consortia included 60,749 individuals of European ancestry from 23 studies, and 7,721 individuals of African Ancestry from 5 studies in the discovery stage, with follow-up in up to 111,556 independent individuals.
Results: We identified significant (P<2·8x10 ) associations with six SNPs: a nonsynonymous variant in RPAP1, which is predicted to be damaging, three intronic SNPs (SEC24C, CASC17 and UQCC1) and two intergenic SNPs near
to LY86 and FGF10. Expression quantitative trait loci analyses found evidence for regulation of gene expression at three signals and implicated several genes, including TYRO3 and PLAU.
Conclusions: Further interrogation of these loci could provide greater understanding of the determinants of lung function and pulmonary disease.

Volume

3:4

DOI

https://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.12583.3

Subjects

Medicine, Science And Technology, Health and Genetics

Notes

Open Access; © 2018 Jackson VE et al.; This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The author(s) is/are employees of the US Government and therefore domestic copyright protection in USA does not apply to this work. The work may be protected under the copyright laws of other jurisdictions when used in those jurisdictions.