I will sleep when I am dead? Sleep and self-employment

Publication type

Journal Article

Published in

Small Business Economics

Authors

Marcus T. Wolfe and Pankaj C. Patel

Publication date

Summary

Anecdotal evidence suggests that entrepreneurs report fewer hours of sleep. However, in samples of 12,086 individuals in the 2012 and 2014 cross-sections of The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and 47,851 individuals in the 2013–2016 National Health Interview Sample cross-sections, our results indicate that self-employed individuals report more sleep. The results in these two samples further show that psychological distress mediates the relationship between self-employment and lower self-reported sleep time and poorer sleep quality. In the third sample of 7714 individuals in waves 1 and 4 of the UK Household Longitudinal Survey, self-employed individuals reporting increase in sleep from wave 1 to wave 4 also reported a very small increase in monthly gross income, indicating limited, if any, gains to income from increasing sleep hours.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-019-00166-5

ISSN

16

Subjects

Psychology, Time Use, Labour Market, Organizations And Firms, Economics, Income Dynamics, Well Being and Health

Links

Notes

Online Early