P06 Genetics of juvenile idiopathic arthritis: the identification of a novel risk locus and clinical subgroup analysis -conference paper abstract-
AuthorsJohn Bowes, Annie Yarwood, Samantha Smith, Damian Tarasek and Wendy Thomson
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a clinically heterogeneous group of childhood onset inflammatory joint diseases with strong evidence to support a genetic contribution to susceptibility. JIA is divided into seven clinical subgroups based on observed patterns of clinical symptoms using the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) classification system. The genetic overlap between these groups is not completely understood and this lack of knowledge typically leads to the different ILAR groups being analysed as discrete entities and reducing the overall power of genetic association studies. The aim of this study was to conduct a large case-control association study on susceptibility to JIA to identify novel susceptibility loci and to investigate differences in these associations between the different ILAR groups.
JIA participants were genotyped on the Illumina Infinium CoreExome or OmniExpress arrays at the University of Manchester. UK population control genotype data was obtained from the Understanding Society Longitudinal Study. Quality control of data was performed conforming to conventional standards based on call rate, cryptic relatedness and ancestry outliers. Imputation was performed using the Haplotype Reference Consortium panel on the Michigan Imputation Server followed by exclusion of SNPs with low imputation accuracy (r2 < 0.5) and low minor allele frequency (< 1%). Association testing of all SNPs was performed with an additive model incorporating imputation uncertainty using SNPTEST. A subset of SNPs independently associated with all JIA (p-value < 5x10-6) were tested to evaluate if they were specific to a particular ILAR group or shared across multiple ILAR groups using Bayesian multinomial regression and model selection methods implemented in the Trinculo software package.
Following quality control, the dataset consisted of > 7.4 million SNPs for 3,305 JIA cases and 9,196 controls. Association testing in a combined dataset of all ILAR groups identified seven SNPs associated at genome-wide significance (5x10-8); six of these have previously been reported for JIA while one is a novel association. The novel association (rs497523, p-value = 7.12x10-9, OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.8:0.9) maps to chromosome 16p11 and is located within intron one of the CCDC101 gene. In a subset of 44 independently associated SNPs we found no strong evidence to support association of any SNP to a specific ILAR group with the majority of the SNPs showing evidence for sharing across multiple groups.
In a large case control association study for susceptibility to JIA, we identified a novel association to a SNP in the intron of CCDC101. This gene is involved in transcriptional regulation through histone acetyltransferase. The results support a general model of sharing of loci across multiple ILAR groups. The combined analysis of data across subgroups, informed by model sharing, will maximise power to identify novel associations.