Ex ante inequality of opportunity in health, decomposition and distributional analysis of biomarkers

Publication type

Journal Article

Published in

Journal of Health Economics

Authors

Apostolos Davillas and Andrew M. Jones

Publication date

Summary

We use a set of biomarkers to measure inequality of opportunity (IOp) in the risk of major chronic conditions in the UK. Applying a direct ex ante IOp approach, we find that inequalities in biomarkers attributed to circumstances account for a non-trivial part of the total variation. For example, observed circumstances account for 20 % of the total inequalities in our composite measure of multi-system health risk, allostatic load. We propose an extension to the decomposition of ex ante IOp to complement the mean-based approach, analysing the contribution of circumstances across the quantiles of the biomarker distributions. Shapley decompositions show that, for most of the biomarkers, the percentage contribution of socioeconomic circumstances (education and childhood socioeconomic status), relative to differences attributable to age and gender, increase towards the right tail of the biomarker distribution, where health risks are more pronounced.

Volume

69:102251

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.102251

ISSN

16

Subjects

Economics, Health and Biology

Links

Related Publications

  1. Ex ante inequality of opportunity in health, decomposition and distributional analysis of biomarkers
  2. Ex ante inequality of opportunity in health, decomposition and distributional analysis of biomarkers