Inequalities in home learning and schools’ provision of distance teaching during school closure of COVID-19 lockdown in the UK

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ISER Working Paper Series


Sait Bayrakdar and Ayse Guveli

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Parents and schools were caught unprepared during the COVID-19 school closure. Since schools have a key role in creating equal opportunities, transferring schooling to families is likely to increase learning inequalities. Using the Understandings Society COVID-19 dataset, we find children who received free school meals, children from lower-educated and singleparent families and children with Pakistani or Bangladeshi backgrounds devote significantly less time to schoolwork at home. Schools’ provisions of offline and online distance teaching and homework checking significantly increase the time children spend on home learning and mitigate most of the disadvantages.


Social Groups, Time Use, Lone Parents, Young People, Education, Child Development, Households, Poverty, Public Policy, Ethnic Groups, Health, Social Stratification and Covid 19


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