Family and households

Investigating changing family life, childcare, parenting styles, child developmment, family networks and caring for family members.

Questionnaire grid

Understanding Society has many modules that relate to family and households research areas. The following grid highlights which modules we ask, what types of information is included, and how often the modules are included. Some modules are answered by adults (aged 16 and over), whilst others are asked to the youth panel (aged 10-15).

Module

How often asked?

Broad content

Household Enumeration Grid

Annual

Household composition (including leavers and new entrants), relationships between household members

Annual changes

Annual

Partnerships changes marriage/civil partnership/divorce/cohabitations

 

Data on parents and dependent children

Mothers’ Return to Work

 

Annual

New mothers’ plans for returning to work, if any (including reasons for decisions, full or part-time work)

Childcare

 

Annual

Type/hours of arrangements used (term-time and school holidays) for under 15s

Non-resident partner relationships

Annual

Information about the partner and relationship, including any future plans or intentions

Parents and children

Two yearly

 

Help with homework, importance of qualifications, which school child attends, frequency of activities together (leisure, evening meals, quarrelling, talking), parenting styles

 

Child Maintenance

Two yearly

Information about CSA/CMS, court orders, and voluntary arrangements (amounts entitled/received, timeliness of receipt), any additional support/services used

Information about absent parent (age, employment status, any other children, type of relationship now/then, decision-making about child) and their relationship with child (frequency of contact, overnight stays)

Parenting Styles – both parents in household

Asked when child is aged 10

UC-Dublin scale: Authoritarian, Authoritative and Permissive dimensions of  parenting (32 items) e.g.

I use physical punishment as a way of disciplining <child name>

I give comfort and understanding when <child name> is upset

Child development – asked of mothers

Asked when child is aged 3

Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale

Reading with child – who, how often

Regular mealtimes and bedtimes

 

Child development – asked of mothers

Asked when child is aged 5 and 8

Strength and Difficulties questionnaire

Happiness/problems at school

Parental assessment of child risk aversion/patience/delayed gratification

 

Data on family and partner relationships

Partner Relationships

Two yearly

Quality of relationship – e.g. frequency of quarrelling, kissing, working together

Domestic Labour

Two yearly

Household division of labour – who does or is responsible for what, number of hours

Gender attitudes

Six yearly

Attitudes towards household division of labour

Family Networks

Two yearly

 

Relatives living outside the household

Information relating to relationship with own parents and own children (adult or child)

Caring

Two yearly

 

Support for those inside and outside the household – relationship, number of hours spent caring and impact on work

Social Networks

Three yearly

 

Composition: Age, ethnic group, education, job, income, live locally, family members

Family access

Wave 3

Ease of visiting family/friends; reason if difficult

Social support

Three yearly

Quality of relationships with partner, family and friends

Family relations – asked of children and young adults

Asked of all children and young adults aged 10-21

Family: frequency of meals together, arguing/quarrelling, feel supported ; future intentions for marriage, children, leaving home; sibling bullying, quality of relationship with any step parents, parental involvement in education, parental supervision

 

Asked of children aged 10-15 ONLY Leisure activities with parents/other adults

Child caring – asked of children

Age 10-15

caring for anyone inside the household – relationship, number of hours spent caring and impact on school

Social care

Two yearly for those aged over 65

Type of support needed/received, non-formal providers, formal providers,

 

Fertility and pregnancy

Fertility intentions

 

Wave 5

Likelihood of more children, how many

 

Asked of pregnant women only

Annual

Pregnancy – fertility treatment, smoking, alcohol

Pregnancy outcome – live, stillborn, miscarriage, termination, ectopic; multiple births, due date arrival

Delivery method

Birthweight

Breastfeeding

Baby difficulties – e.g., feeding, sleeping, crying, settling