The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) has opened applications for its Parliamentary Academic Fellowships Scheme.
Political and social attitudes in the UK are changing. Recent referendum results highlighted divided views on European Union membership and Scottish independence. Understanding Society can be used to investigate the evolving political and social landscape.
Whilst, in general, social attitudes and social policies have become more inclusive, for example in the area of gender equality, views have hardened in other areas, such as in relation to immigration. The longitudinal nature of Understanding Society makes it an invalubale resource for researchers and policy makers who want to consider these changing attitudes - we can see how political and social attitudes evolve over time.
Understanding Society is a longitudinal study, so follows the same people over time. We collect information that allows researchers to disentangle the complex picture of personal and household interstions with political and social attitudes; the effects of education, the views of others in the household, changes in attitudes over time. The Study also includes information on background characteristics such as ethnicity, deprivation and social norms. The questionnaire includes key political and social attitudes such as voting behaviou and intentions, gender attitudes and beliefs.
Researchers have used political and social attitude data to investigate a wide range of issues, including democratic participation, the role of the media in voting behaviour, attitudes towards immigration and gender equality and the effect of education on social attitudes. Having boost samples of different ethnic minority groups means that social and political attitudes can be explored in different ethnic groups.
In April 2017 Understanding Society provided early access to data from Wave 8 of the Study as part of a special project: Understanding Brexit - digging deeper: what divides Leavers and Remainers? The data released included the question on whether or not the UK should leave the EU. Researchers used these data to analyse pro- and anto- Brexit attitudes, look at the impact of Brexit on indivudal wellbeing and financial expectations.
A summary of the findings from the project Understanding Brexit - Digging deeper: what divides Leavers and Remainers?
Dr David Bartram looks at whether gaining citizenship helps to integrate people into the UK.
Fran Bennett, Monica Costa Dias, Sam Smethers and Helen Wright explore research findings and ideas surrounding the gender pay gap in the UK and what can be done to close it.