Cite the data

All works which use or refer to these materials should acknowledge these sources by means of bibliographic citation. To ensure that such source attributions are captured for bibliographic indexes, citations must appear in footnotes or in the reference section of publications.

Why should you cite data? The ICPSR explains how it benefits the research community.

The bibliographic citation for the Understanding Society Mainstage data collection is:

The bibliographic citation for the Understanding Society Innovation Panel data collection is:

The bibliographic citation for the Understanding Society Nurse Health Assessment data collection is:

Acknowledgement:

Ethical approval statement: