The effects of self and temporary employment on mental health: the role of the gig economy in the UK
AuthorsBénédicte Apouey and Mark Stabile
The authors use Google Trends data on Uber, Deliveroo, and Airbnb by commuting zone to instrument for the probability that an individual will be employed in a gig-type job. The Google Trends data are strong predictors of both self and temporary employment. These findings suggest that self and temporary employment, as identified through gig-economy activity, have large positive effects on mental health. These effects exist for both men and women but are stronger for women and for older workers (ages 40-64). This evidence points to issues of control in the job as potential drivers of the improvements in mental health.